Víkendové surfovanie

Takto sa podporuje veda na Slovensku

Papier znesie všetko: návrh nových personálnych normatívov MZ SR

J. K. Jemisin: The evaluators: To trade with aliens, you must adapt

h/t Andrejovi:

What Does It Mean to ‘Speak as a Woman’?

He probably wouldn’t react in the same way if he were discussing a topic that touched on physics, and his interlocutor said, “As a physicist …” In that case, she has expertise that he is likely to recognize as conversationally relevant. Even if he knew she was a physicist before the conversation began, he might find it reasonable for her to preface some of her assertions with a reminder that she is speaking from a position of special knowledge.

Being a physicist gives a person a certain standing in conversations that have something to do with physics. So why shouldn’t being a woman give me a certain standing in conversations that have something to do with gender?

Dress for respect (Brazília)

Surfovanie

Democracy of convenience, not of choice: why is Eastern Europe different

There are, in my opinion, two considerations that are almost never taken into account when the reluctance, or outright refusal, of East European countries to accept African and Asian migrants, many of them Islamic, is discussed.  They are the history of these countries over the past two centuries, and the nature of the 1989 revolutions.

skryté utrpenie žien – časť 1, časť 2, časť 3

Prečítate si rozprávanie ženy, ktorá po nástrihu hrádze (časť tela medzi vagínou a konečníkom) trpela niekoľko rokov, kým sa jej podarilo nájsť lekára ochotného pomôcť. Tento príbeh ilustruje, do akej miery môže narásť utrpenie, ak sa bolesť ženy zľahčuje a nepripisuje sa jej dostatočná vážnosť.

Chorvátske ženy: dosť bolo násilia pri pôrode

Pred pár dňami Ivana Ničević Lesandrić, členka chorvátskeho parlamentu, prejavila nesmiernu odvahu, keď pred celým parlamentom a ministrom zdravotníctva rozpovedala svoju osobnú skúsenosť s násilím pri pôrode. 

„Moje tehotenstvo skončilo potratom. V nemocnici mi uviazali ruky a nohy a začali robiť kyretáž bez akejkoľvek anestézy. Manuálne čistenie maternice prebiehalo bez akéhokoľvek tíšenia bolesti. Bolo to najmučivejších tridsať minút v mojom živote. Dokázala by som vám popísať každú sekundu, pretože to bolo najhroznejších tridsať minút. Tridsať minút potupy za každú jednu z tisícov žien, ktoré podpísali petíciu, aby tento spôsob „starostlivosti“ skončil raz a navždy.

Ako keby to bolo málo, že žena, ktorá práve stratila svoje dieťa, prežíva enormný emocionálny stres. Ako keby to nestačilo, musí byť dorazená ešte aj fyzicky na gynekologickom oddelení. Moja otázka je jasná – plánujete niekedy zmeniť tento stav? A kedy?”

Elektronické schránky – trest pre podnikateľov – treba čítať aj s diskusiou

The Moral Machine experiment (článok o článku) Myslím, že informatikom by sa zišla etika ako povinný predmet… Nie nejaké konkrétne svetonázory, ale ako príležitosť nad rôznymi otázkami rozmýšľať. A to nielen v life-or-death situáciách, ale aj v iných. Má aplikácia, ktorá niečo optimalizuje (napríklad navigácia, ktorá ma vedie cez zápchu), optimalizovať môj čas alebo celkový čas všetkých používateľov, alebo nejakej skupiny?

The Moral Machine took that idea to test nine different comparisons shown to polarize people: should a self-driving car prioritize humans over pets, passengers over pedestrians, more lives over fewer, women over men, young over old, fit over sickly, higher social status over lower, law-abiders over law-benders? And finally, should the car swerve (take action) or stay on course (inaction)?

how a bench and a team of grandmothers can tackle depression

Chibanda … is one of just 12 psychiatrists practising in Zimbabwe – a country of over 16 million. Such grim statistics are typical in Sub-Saharan Africa, where the ratio of psychiatrists and psychologists to citizens is one for every 1.5 million.

Why You Need an Untouchable Day Every Week

Víkendové surfovanie

in praise of mediocrity

But there’s a deeper reason, I’ve come to think, that so many people don’t have hobbies: We’re afraid of being bad at them. Or rather, we are intimidated by the expectation — itself a hallmark of our intensely public, performative age — that we must actually be skilled at what we do in our free time. Our “hobbies,” if that’s even the word for them anymore, have become too serious, too demanding, too much an occasion to become anxious about whether you are really the person you claim to be.

If you’re a jogger, it is no longer enough to cruise around the block; you’re training for the next marathon. If you’re a painter, you are no longer passing a pleasant afternoon, just you, your watercolors and your water lilies; you are trying to land a gallery show or at least garner a respectable social media following. When your identity is linked to your hobby — you’re a yogi, a surfer, a rock climber — you’d better be good at it, or else who are you?

pendulum and marble

platiť sa dá aj osobnými údajmi

Zajtra ráno prednášam informatikom o konečných stavových automatoch a Turingových strojich. Pri tej príležitosti

It’s rare for a CS major to graduate without getting a healthy dose of NP-completeness and Turing machines, two beautiful areas of theory that would be enjoyable if they didn’t end up creating bad instincts. One biologist asked me to solve a problem in DNA sequence matching and I came back to him with the claim that it was NP-complete, a class of problems that can take a very long time to solve. He didn’t care. He needed to solve it anyway. And it turns out that most NP-complete problems are pretty easy to solve most of the time. There are just a few pathological instances that gum up our algorithms. But theoreticians are obsessed with the thin set that confound the simple algorithms, despite being rarely observed in everyday life.

The same problem happens with Turing machines. Dutiful CS students learn nihilistic results like Rice’s Theorem, which shows that we really can’t analyze computer algorithms at all. But Turing machines are a pretty bad model for how our regular machines operate and it’s often very easy to create software that does smart things with our code. Any CS major who doesn’t take these theoretical results with a healthy dose of salt risks giving up when a perfectly usable answer is close at hand.

Visualizing street orientations on an interactive map … tu sú niektoré svetové mestá a tu je Žilina:

 

 

 

improve in foreign languages by reading books in parallel

Víkendové surfovanie

The radical moral implications of luck in human life

It’s not difficult to see why many people take offense when reminded of their luck, especially those who have received the most. Allowing for luck can dent our self-conception. It can diminish our sense of control. It opens up all kinds of uncomfortable questions about obligations to other, less fortunate people. Nonetheless, this is a battle that cannot be bypassed. There can be no ceasefire. Individually, coming to terms with luck is the secular equivalent of religious awakening, the first step in building any coherent universalist moral perspective.

Nerozumieš? Ani ľudia v roku 1968 nerozumeli

everything is alive

veľkosť krajiny podľa veľkosti populácie:

wireless tracking?

suchá voda

Dry water actually consists of 95% liquid water, but the silica coating prevents the water droplets from combining and turning back into a bulk liquid.

information is beautiful

šifrovačka na september

Víkendové surfovanie

Lego Wants to Completely Remake Its Toy Bricks

It wants to eliminate its dependence on petroleum-based plastics, and build its toys entirely from plant-based or recycled materials by 2030. The challenge is designing blocks that click together yet separate easily, retain bright colors, and survive the rigors of being put through a laundry load, or the weight of an unknowing parent’s foot. In essence, the company wants to switch the ingredients, but keep the product exactly the same.

toto video sa Kike a Kubkovi veľmi páčilo:

She made the discovery, but a man got the Nobel. A half-century later, she’s won a $3 million prize.

tento seriál si určite pozriem (dúfam, že nepokazí dojem z knižiek):

klišé na instagrame (mysleli ste si, že ste originálni?)

Pozri sa tým deťom do očí a povedz im, že je to ich chyba a Dievča vyhralo bežeckú súťaž v balerínkach, v Moldave nad Bodvou sa tomu nečudujú

Proč si myslím, že Janova vražda nikdy nebude vyšetřena (h/t Katke)

Po půl roce se lidé, kteří selhali, vracejí na politicky exponovaná místa – Róbert Krajmer, policista, který na místě činu neměl co dělat, a přece na něm byl mezi prvními, jde na slovenské ministerstvo vnitra. Na ministerstvo vnitra míří i Tibor Gašpar, policejní prezident, který byl nucen na nátlak veřejnosti odstoupit. Stal se poradcem slovenské ministryně vnitra Denisy Sakové (SMER – sociálna demokracia). A aby toho nebylo málo, Gašpar se stal poradcem i českého ministra vnitra za sociální demokracii Jana Hamáčka. Protože SMER se vždycky dokázal postarat o „Svoje lidi“. A „Naši lidé“ na oplátku konají, když nemají, a nekonají, když mají.

Celodenný vstup do novoobjaveného aquaparku na planéte Mars úplne ZADARMO!

Britská kráľovná a jej brošne

ventusky  

invisible asymptotes

True, it’s often difficult for customers to articulate what they want. But what’s missed is that they’re often much better at pinpointing what they don’t want or like. What you should hear when customers say they want a faster horse is not the literal but instead that they find travel by horse to be too slow. The savvy product person can generalize that to the broader need of traveling more quickly, and that problem can be solved any number of ways that don’t involve cloning Secretariat or shooting their current horse up with steroids.

logicInk – programmable tattoos

Surfovanie

prisnilo sa mi – mne sa dnes prisnilo, že sme stratili Kuba v nejakom americkom zábavnom parku kríženom s AMNH plnom ľudí. Hľadali sme ho pol dňa, kým sme sa dostali k pultíku s lístkami, kde som ukecávala pani, aby mi dovolila po slovensky vyhlásiť do rozhlasu, čo má Kubko Jančiga spraviť. Nočná mora. Kubo pri raňajkách povedal, že by situáciu zvládol… ale od tejto spisovateľky musím zohnať nejakú knihu.

Porušili ste všetky moje práva, píše režisérka filmu o pôrodoch riaditeľovi nemocnice

Nespravodlivé je to, že Vaši zamestnanci a zamestnankyne porušili všetky moje práva, ako rodiacej ženy aj ako filmárky. Nebudem analyzovať, akým spôsobom sa v jednej z Vašich pôrodníc narodila naša dcéra. S následkami neprofesionality zdravotníckeho personálu sa vyrovnávame dodnes, rovnako ako tisíce ďalších rodín.

Nefér je tiež to, ako ma Vaši zamestnanci verejne osočovali, ako o mne klamali (prof. Borovský, Antolská), ako mi prehľadávali facebookový profil a vysmievali sa našim protagonistkám (doc. Záhumenský, Ružinov) alebo ako na tlačovej konferencii zneužili moju zdravotnú dokumentáciu (doc. Rusňák, Kramáre). Nezaslúžila som si ani vyhrážky konkrétnych pôrodníkov, ktoré sa ani neobťažovali posielať anonymne. Film síce vznikol za bývalého riaditeľa, ale toto všetko sa udialo pod Vaším vedením.

How to Pick a Career (That Actually Fits You)

For most of us, a career (including ancillary career time, like time spent commuting and thinking about your work) will eat up somewhere between 50,000 and 150,000 hours. At the moment, a long human life runs at about 750,000 hours. When you subtract childhood (~175,000 hours) and the portion of your adult life you’ll spend sleeping, eating, exercising, and otherwise taking care of the human pet you live in, along with errands and general life upkeep (~325,000 hours), you’re left with 250,000 “meaningful adult hours”. So a typical career will take up somewhere between 20% and 60% of your meaningful adult time.

starší rozhovor s N. K. Jemisin, od ktorej teraz čítam druhú knihu (prvá bola táto)

“As a black woman,” Jemisin tells me, “I have no particular interest in maintaining the status quo. Why would I? The status quo is harmful, the status quo is significantly racist and sexist and a whole bunch of other things that I think need to change.”

o meteorite, ktorý vyhubil dinosaury (z tejto knihy):

“The meteorite itself was so massive that it didn’t notice any atmosphere whatsoever,” said Rebolledo. “It was traveling 20 to 40 kilometers per second, 10 kilometers — probably 14 kilometers — wide, pushing the atmosphere and building such incredible pressure that the ocean in front of it just went away.”

These numbers are precise without usefully conveying the scale of the calamity. What they mean is that a rock larger than Mount Everest hit planet Earth traveling twenty times faster than a bullet. This is so fast that it would have traversed the distance from the cruising altitude of a 747 to the ground in 0.3 seconds. The asteroid itself was so large that, even at the moment of impact, the top of it might have still towered more than a mile above the cruising altitude of a 747. In its nearly instantaneous descent, it compressed the air below it so violently that it briefly became several times hotter than the surface of the sun.

“The pressure of the atmosphere in front of the asteroid started excavating the crater before it even got there,” Rebolledo said. “Then when the meteorite touched ground zero, it was totally intact. It was so massive that the atmosphere didn’t even make a scratch on it.”

Unlike the typical Hollywood CGI depictions of asteroid impacts, where an extraterrestrial charcoal briquette gently smolders across the sky, in the Yucatan it would have been a pleasant day one second and the world was already over by the next. As the asteroid collided with the earth, in the sky above it where there should have been air, the rock had punched a hole of outer space vacuum in the atmosphere. As the heavens rushed in to close this hole, enormous volumes of earth were expelled into orbit and beyond — all within a second or two of impact.

Winners of the 2018 National Geographic Travel Photographer of the Year Contest

o trinástich v zatopenej jaskyni vedel celý svet (a je paráda, že sa im podarilo dostať von), ale čo tí, čo vo vode v tom istom čase umierali v Japonsku a iní?

a hack to catch typos (a funguje mi to aj v safari, nielen v chrome)

Víkendové surfovanie

Ministerstvo školstva, vedy, výskumu, športu a stravovania

Cena je pomerne ľahko odhadnuteľná. Ide o dotáciu 1,20 eura na každý obed pre približne pol milióna detí, pričom teraz už štát platí obedy asi desatine detí. Navyše to teda bude v porovnaní so súčasnosťou stáť 100 miliónov eur ročne.

To je až pätina súčasných výdavkov na základné školstvo, čiže by šlo o dramatický skok o sumu, ktorá by napríklad na dlhé roky vyriešila debatu o nízkych platoch učiteľov. Nečudujme sa preto, že nielen v bohatších regiónoch sa mnohí riaditelia škôl pýtajú, či by sa peniaze na obedy zadarmo nedali využiť v školstve inak.

Keby ste si dali tú námahu a prečítali si…

Človek ani netuší ako môže počas takej relácie zmúdrieť. Ja som sa dozvedela a teda som v daný moment nežila nadarmo, že neexistujúca finančná analýza, môže mať formu tabuľky. Tá navyše unikla od boku. Od koho boku? O koho konkrétny bok ide, nevieme. Môžeme sa len domnievať, že to bol bok niekoho zo samotného ministerstva, keďže na tabuľke, či neexistujúcej analýze pracovalo. Už je to aj tak jedno. Ministerstvo tabuľku, teda vlastne analýzu stiahlo. Prečo? Lebo podľa ministerky nechcelo plytvať verejnosťou. Nie. Nemám tam chybu. Plytvať verejnosťou!

Každá škola má byť vraj dosť dobrá

Interrupcie nie sú o svedomí alebo náboženstve, ale o právach žien

Slovenské ženy nie sú nezodpovedné a sebecké, ako sa nás snažia presvedčiť naši protiinterrupční populisti.  V roku 2017 bolo vykonaných  6 102  umelých prerušení tehotenstva, čo je oproti 47 901 v roku 1990 pokles o viac ako 87 %, čo je jeden z najpozitívnejších trendov v Európe. Stalo sa tak predovšetkým vďaka osvete o plánovaní rodičovstva, používaniu antikoncepcie a sexuálnej výchovy. Aj rozdeľovanie žien na tie „dobré“, ktoré rodia deti a tie „sebecké a zlé“, ktoré chodia na interrupcie, je nezmyslom. Sú to tie isté ženy, len majú deti v iných obdobiach svojho života – vtedy, keď sa pre ne zodpovedne rozhodnú.

Nič tak neovplyvní život ženy ako dieťa. Nielen na deväť mesiacov. Na celý jej život.  Ak teda ona nesie zodpovednosť a následky, nesmie jej byť odňaté ani právo rozhodovať.

ako začať minimalizovať odpad

Úplne prvý krok je nosiť si so sebou plátenú tašku. Ja ich mám asi šesť až osem. Už som si tak odvykla od igelitiek, že aj keď si medzi kamarátkami posúvame detské veci, dávame ich aj s taškou. Dve mám v taške od kočíka, jednu v kabelke a jednu v ruksaku. Ak ich mám viac, nemusím sa na ne sústrediť. Odvykla som si úplne aj od mikroténových vreciek. Mám výbavu plátených. Na zeleninu, ovocie, chlieb a pečivo. Minule môj manžel doniesol asi po trištvrte roku domov mikroténové vrecko, zdalo sa nám to divné.

who invented computer passwords?

World Airports Voronoi

nudge theory

GitHub needed a buyer, and there aren’t too many options

2018 National Geographic Travel Photographer of the Year Contest

Surfovanie

Najprv na tému posledných týždňov: Tá kniha… tak tá kniha je už vonku z hlavy. Nie je ešte na papieri, ale v nedeľu v noci… hm, no dobre, v pondelok nad ránom… sme ju odovzdali. Teraz ju pozerá editor a nám zostali také milé činnosti ako doladiť obálku, vyrobiť index, škrípať zubami, koľko chýb tam ešte ostalo… hm, a pustiť sa do tej druhej, ktorá má vyliezť na svetlo do konca roka. 

Are Kids the Enemy of Writing?

Writing was a practice. The more you wrote, the better a writer you became and the more books you produced. Excellence plus productivity, that was the formula for sustained success, and time was the coefficient of both. Children, the great man said, were notorious thieves of time. Then there was the question of subject matter, settings, experiences; books were hungry things, and if you stayed too long in any one place, they would consume everything and everyone around you.

pretože (tento článkok sa volá What Do We Do with the Art of Monstrous Men? a je v ňom ešte kopa iných vecí)

There are many qualities one must possess to be a working writer or artist. Talent, brains, tenacity. Wealthy parents are good. You should definitely try to have those. But first among equals, when it comes to necessary ingredients, is selfishness. A book is made out of small selfishnesses. The selfishness of shutting the door against your family. The selfishness of ignoring the pram in the hall. The selfishness of forgetting the real world to create a new one. The selfishness of stealing stories from real people. The selfishness of saving the best of yourself for that blank-faced anonymous paramour, the reader. The selfishness that comes from simply saying what you have to say.

Moms don’t need more mugs and wine glasses – neskoro, ale aj tak:

And there you have it, what moms would love on the big day: Get out of her hair (if the kids are little), spend time with her (if you’re a teen, but be sure to smile), and track her down in Greece (if you’re an adult). Moms are forged through the bubbling lava of no sleep, kindergarten graduations, slammed doors and 2 a.m. calls that begin, “I crashed the car, but I’m okay.”

planet or plastic?

Because plastic wasn’t invented until the late 19th century, and production really only took off around 1950, we have a mere 9.2 billion tons of the stuff to deal with. Of that, more than 6.9 billion tons have become waste. And of that waste, a staggering 6.3 billion tons never made it to a recycling bin.

Who is Losing the Nile?

175 meters high and 1800 meters wide, the new dam’s storage capacity is 67 billion cubic meters, nearly the equivalent of a year’s flow of river water.

čo ak sa na telefóne stretnú dve takého:

Potom by už nemuseli telefonovať a mohli by si to vybaviť inak… začína to byť strašidelné. A ešte z inej strany, mali by sme vedieť, že tá entita na druhej strane telefónu nie je človek, keď zdvihneme? 

Tri – dva – jedna. Všetky oči na mňa.

Predstavte si, že máte stroj času. Predstavte si, že ste opäť dieťa a doma nemáte svoju izbu, stôl, na ktorom by ste sa učili. Nemáte tečúcu vodu, ani jednu knihu, vaši rodičia nevedia čítať. Predstavte si, že so všetkými súrodencami, s rodičmi a so starými rodičmi bývate v jednej miestnosti. Proste si predstavte, že by ste sa narodili v rómskej osade. Kde by ste boli dnes? A čo by vám pomohlo?

China, India grapple with the consequences of too many men

In the two countries, 50 million excess males are under age 20. Both nations are belatedly trying to come to grips with the policies that created this male-heavy generation. And demographers say it will take decades for the ramifications of the bulge to fade away.

parádne fotky polárnej žiary

pri príležitosti Svetového týždňa rešpektu k pôrodu krátke komentované ukážky z filmu Medzi nami: prvá, druhá, tretia, štvrtá

Brandi Carlile: The Mother

Welcome to the end of being alone inside your mind
Tethered to another and you’re worried all the time
You always knew the melody but you never heard it rhyme

She’s fair and she is quiet, Lord, she doesn’t look like me
She made me love the morning, she’s a holiday at sea
The New York streets are as busy as they always used to be
But I am the mother of Evangeline

The first things that she took from me were selfishness and sleep
She broke a thousand heirlooms I was never meant to keep
She filled my life with color, cancelled plans and trashed my car
But none of that is ever who we are

Outside of my windows are the mountains and the snow
I hold you while you’re sleeping and I wish that I could go
All my rowdy friends around accomplishing their dreams
But I am the mother of Evangeline

They’ve still got their morning paper and their coffee and their time
They still enjoy their evenings with the skeptics and their wine
Oh but all the wonders I have seen I will see a second time
From inside of the ages through your eyes

You were not an accident where no one thought it through
The world has stood against us, made us mean to fight for you
And when we chose your name we knew that you’d fight the power, too

You’re nothing short of magical and beautiful to me
I would never hit the big time without you
So they can keep their treasure and their ties to the machine
Cause I am the mother of Evangeline

They can keep their treasure and their ties to the machine
Cause I am the mother of Evangeline

Víkendové surfovanie

zatmenie mesiaca a polárna žiara – dohodli sme sa s deťmi, že tú polárnu žiaru si pôjdeme niekedy niekam pozrieť (to video sa dá otáčať)

Every decision my kids made me make in one day

Why 70 percent of kids quit sports by age 13

Our culture no longer supports older kids playing for the fun of it.

úžasné obrázky

pre tých, čo ešte nie sú (dostatočne) paranoidní, all the data Facebook and Google have on you

Brandi Carlile: The Joke

You’re feeling nervous, aren’t you, boy?
With your quiet voice and impeccable style
Don’t ever let them steal your joy
And your gentle ways, to keep ’em from running wild
They can kick dirt in your face
Dress you down, and tell you that your place
Is in the middle, when they hate the way you shine
I see you tugging on your shirt
Trying to hide inside of it and hide how much it hurts

Let ’em laugh while they can
Let ’em spin, let ’em scatter in the wind
I have been to the movies,
I’ve seen how it ends
And the joke’s on them

You get discouraged, don’t you, girl?
It’s your brother’s world for a while longer
We gotta dance with the devil on a river
To beat the stream
Call it living the dream, call it kicking the ladder
They come to kick dirt in your face
To call you weak and then displace you
After carrying your baby on your back across the desert
I saw your eyes behind your hair
And you’re looking tired, but you don’t look scared

Let ’em laugh while they can
Let ’em spin, let ’em scatter in the wind
I have been to the movies,
I’ve seen how it ends
And the joke’s on them

Let ’em laugh while they can
Let ’em spin, let ’em scatter in the wind
I have been to the movies,
I’ve seen how it ends
And the joke’s on them

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